The protection of the fundamental rights of our children represents the future of our planet. Over the last years, authorities from Western European countries claimed to be confronted with various problems caused by the phenomenon of migration and the presence in their country of Roma ethnic minority coming from East European countries. One of the most visible source of anxiety is related to begging on the public space of the cities and the increasingly visible involvement of children in begging activities.
How has children’s presence in this unsuitable position occurred? What prevents authorities from taking actions towards the active social protection and assistance of these children in line with their dramatic situation and the status as children?
In this paper I will critically examine a number of sociological explanations’ for the presence of Roma children in begging and also to consider what is the position of the state in relation to protection of their children’s rights and their best interest.
I argue that the state is producing a new form of ”institutional racism” under a cover of „unintentional racism” by turning a blind eye to the children’s universal rights in order to stigmatize and restrict social and geographical mobility of Roma ethnic minority due to their ethnic origin.
This present effort is based on the analysis of the phenomenon, of its complexity as well as of its socio-economic and political implications. Therefore some theoretical aspects of social and political behaviour require clarification, and also the identification of how best to limit and control any type of social or institutional performance in relation with racism. I will study this processes through a sociological perspective of its manifestation respectively as a social process that involves many stages, different actors, the relationship between these actors, and factors associated with it.
We always speak about policies targeting Roma without knowing too much about the policy-making process itself: how a policy is evolving and ends up in being put on the agenda, how decision makers decide which policy should be adopted, are always policies originating from problems or first there are the solutions from which we derive problems, what influences the way policies are framed, how one decides among different solutions or what might be the effect of a specific policy. This paper is purely descriptive and therefore, by looking at France Roma repatriation program, it aims to apply some of the public policy concepts and theories, which can be found in the first stages of the policy cycle (see figure below), that is agenda setting, policy formulation and policy implementation.