By many people and researchers the 20th century is called “century of genocide”, a genocide where under the Nazis, German attempts to rid the country of “racial inferiority” caused many people to be killed without any mercy. Because of the victim numbers, the Nazi genocide was a unique point in the human history. One of the least known aspects of that genocide is the Pharrajimos – The Roma Holocaust. According to Janos Barsony and Agnes Daroczi, Pharrajimos means cutting up, fragmentation and devouring in some dialects of the Romani language. The term Pharrajimos/Porrajmos was introduced for the first time by Ian Hancock in the early 1990s. The same term in the international literature can be found as “Samudaripen” or Roma Holocaust. Surprisingly or not, there are still on-going debates about whether what have happened to Roma could be considered as part of the notion of Holocaust or not.
In this paper, I analyze the reasons for lacking an official recognition and representation of Pharrajimos in the history. Therefore, I look at Nazi’s ideology, the experience of Roma before, during and after the Holocaust. I demonstrate that Nazi German’s ideology was the same for Roma people as it was for the Jewish community - the idea of racial superiority, and I challenge the claim that is not because of their antisocial and criminal behaviour. Moreover, I indicate how participation in a globalized holocaust discourse could improve the visibility of the Roma. I conclude by highlighting the importance of deserving an official recognition of the Roma victims specifically by the United Nations, represented at all international conferences and the history.
The aim of this paper is to show that the Macedonian Roma are unlawfully not allowed to leave Macedonian borders and they are subject to discriminatory practices and limitation of their rights. Macedonian authorities have to find a proper solution of the problem with the asylum seekers that does not confront the basic human rights and dignity.
The research paper is organized in four sections: Firstly, I am presenting the factual background of the situation in Macedonia regarding the visa-liberalization and the measures taken by the Macedonian government and the European Union. Secondly, I write about the freedom of movement, the concept, legal frame (national and international), state obligations and the violations that are done towards Roma. In the next part I analyze the asylum seekers from international perspective and the usage of the term fake-asylum seekers. In the last part I describe the concept and the negative aspects of ethnic profiling and discrimination in Macedonian borders (including national and international legal frames).