Along with the Syrian refugee crisis, around 375,000 asylum seekers, mostly Roma from the WB5*  (Western Balkans 5: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia) became under  pressure of returning back to their countries’ of origin. The integration of the returnees into the system is  becoming a serious policy problem, since most of the WB5 do not have any measures for responding to this  issue. In the period from 2008 to 2015 there is an increasing trend (91% increase) in the asylum applicants  from WB5. The policy measures undertaken by the WB and EU countries demonstrate little effect in  decreasing the number of applications which puts the visa liberalization process under threat for the WB5.    

Click here to read the full analysis